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                2012考研英語大綱詞匯 有中文意思的pdf

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                考研英語大綱詞匯有中文意思的ebbvi衰退減退n處于低潮處于衰退狀態eccentrica古怪的怪癖的異乎尋常的n古怪的人futilea無效的無用的無希望的gendern(生理上的)性(名詞、代詞等的)性glamourn魔力魅力vt迷住strenuousa費力的艱辛的奮發的努力的strifen爭吵沖突斗爭競爭strollnv漫步散步游蕩gorgeousa華麗的燦爛的美麗的宜人的棒的graphica生動的形象的繪畫的文字的圖表的layoffn臨時解雇關閉停歇lotteryn抽彩碰運氣的事難于算計的事majestynstately,grandappearancesplendor雄偉壯麗莊嚴majesticamanoeuvremaneuvervi熟練地進入medievala中世紀的excelvi(atin)突出擅長vt勝過優于節錄vt摘引用excerptn摘錄exilen流放被流放者vt流放放逐把…充軍fairyadj幻想中的虛構的featn功績偉業技藝federationn聯合會結盟聯合foread在前面a先前的在前部的n前部solitarya(好)孤獨的偏僻的單一的唯一的solon獨奏aad單獨的(地)獨唱的(地)spirala螺旋形的n螺旋螺線v螺旋上升盤旋spousen配偶staggervi搖晃著移動蹣跚n搖晃不穩的動作蹣跚stalkn莖梗vt悄悄地跟蹤vi高視闊步地走staplen主要產品名產纖維主要成分主食statuten成文法法令法規章程規則條例steakn牛排大塊肉(或魚)片stereotypen陳規老套模式化vt使定型使模式化formidableadifficulttodefeatordealwith難對付的可怕的meditatev認真思考沉思計劃考慮momentumn動量動力勢頭monarchn帝王君主最高統治者motivatevt促動激勵鼓勵作為…的動機nightmaren惡夢可怕的事物無法擺脫的恐懼optimuma最適宜的n(生長繁殖的)最佳條件optionn選擇(權)可選擇的事物(或人)選課overturnn推翻stunvt使…失去知覺使目瞪口呆使吃驚subsidyn補助金津貼費sufficev足夠(食物)滿足suiten套間一套家具套組系列summitn頂最高點顛峰高峰最高級會議superstitionn迷信迷信的觀念習俗oxiden氧化物grndistract使轉向:bedistractedfromone’soriginalpurposeapt(習性)易于的有傾向的Acarelesspersonisapttomakemistakesarbitrary隨心所欲的個人武斷的任意的anarbitrarychoicearise起立起身arisefromone'sseatcharge要(價)收(費)Theairlineschargehalfpriceforstudentscharm魅力魔力Thisthrivingresorttownhasretaineditsvillagecharmchase追逐追求Thepolicechasedtheescapingthiefandcaughthimatlastcheck使突然停止制止checkone’sstepscherish珍愛珍視cherishone’snativelandchew嚼咀嚼Hechewedamouthfulofmeatchoke窒息噎住bechokedbysmokebias偏見偏心haveabiasagainstsb(或sth)blame責備責怪PublicopinionblamesMrsSmithforleadingthegirlastrayblast一陣(風)一股(氣流)ablastofwindblaze火焰Thefiresprangintoablazeaggravate加重加劇惡化aggravatethedecliningeconomyaggressive侵犯的侵略的anaggressiveweaponallied結盟的有關聯的alliednationsallowance津貼補貼零用錢ahousingallowancealter改變更改alteranattitudealternate交替輪流Nightanddayalternatearouse使奮發AmanlikeTomwillbearousedDon’tworryarray排列隊形Thetroopswereformedinbattlearrayarticulate發音清晰的善于表達的Heisarticulateabouteverythinginthefieldofeconomicsboast自吹自擂自夸的話Heisfullofboastsbolt螺栓(門窗的)插銷asmallbagofnutsandboltscorrupt墮落的,腐敗的,貪贓舞弊的:leadacorruptlifecourtesy謙恭有禮。
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腹下腹(胸部到腿部的部分)aboundvi大量存在(inwith)充滿富于acclaimv向…歡呼公認n歡呼喝彩稱贊supplement增補補充a,towagesalleviate減輕緩解緩和infancy嬰兒期早期初始階段spur前進的有動力的extract拔出摘錄出insightful富有洞察力的有深刻見解的provocative煽動性的刺激的suppress壓制鎮壓,humanrightssupreme最高的至上的a,rulersurpass超過優于強于勝過,advancedworldsurplus過剩剩余ateacher,survey調查,populationgrowthinthesouthernprovincesvain徒勞的無效的,effortsvalid有根據的a,excuseblackmailn訛詐敲詐勒索脅迫恫嚇bladen刀刃刀片槳葉槳片草葉葉片blousen女襯衣短上衣寬闊的罩衫fostervt照管培養促進bruisen青腫挫傷傷痕vt打青挫傷bullyn恃強欺弱者小流氓vt威脅欺侮bureaucracyn官僚主義官僚機構(非民選的)委任官員burglarn(入室行竊的)盜賊capen海角岬披肩短披風carbohydraten碳水化合物糖類(plural)淀粉質或糖類celebrityn名人名流著名名聲名望Christn基督救世主耶穌compose組成構成England,Scotland,andWalescomposetheislandofGreatBritaincompress壓縮Hecompressesalifetimeasasoldierintoafewsentencescomprise包含包括Theshipyardcomprisesthreedockscompromise妥協折衷compromiseoverthehardfoughtnextconfront(使)面臨(使)遭遇Thewarconfrontedhimwithhardshipscrucial決定性的關鍵性的:acrucialdecisioncue提示暗號信號:throwcuestosbcultivate耕作栽培養殖:cultivatevegetablesdifferentiate使不同使有差別區分區別:differentiatevarietiesofplantsdiffuse擴散(氣體液體等):Thecolorsofthesunsetwerediffusedacrosstheskydisgust厭惡惡心:feeldisgustforbadodorsdisperse分散驅散散去:Policedispersedtherioterswithteargasdistribute分配分發:distributetheprizesamongthewinnerseliminate排除,消除:eliminatetheexploitationofmanbymanelite出類拔萃的人(或物),精華:theeliteofthesocietyeloquent雄辯的,口才流利的,有說服力的:aneloquentspokesmanembark上船(或飛機,汽車等):embarkforEuropeatNewYorkharborembody使具體化,表現:embodyprinciplesinactionsembrace擁抱:Sheembracedhersontenderlyenlighten啟發,使擺脫偏見(或迷信)Wouldyouenlightenmeonyourplansforthefutureenroll吸收(成員),招生:Theschoolenrolledaboutpupilslastyearcondense(使)壓縮(使)凝結使簡潔condenseaspeechtohalfconfer商談商議conferwithsbOver(on,about,concerning)sthconfess坦白供認承認懺悔confessone’scrimeformulate規劃(制度等),構想出(計劃方法等)formulateapolicyensure保證,擔保:Hisindustriousnessandabilitywillensurehissuccessdiminish減少降低:Hisillnessdiminishedhisstrengthdiplomat外交家外交官圓滑的人:acareerdiplomatdiscard丟棄拋棄:discardanoldpairofshoesdiscern看出覺察出:Wecoulddiscernfromhisappearancethathewasupsetdisclose揭露透露使公開:discloseinformationtosbdischarge釋放:Thejudgefoundhimnotguiltyanddischargedhimdiscount把(價格費用等)打折扣削價出售:Thestorediscountspercentonallbillspaidwhenduediscriminate區別辨別:It’sdifficulttodiscriminatebetweenthetwinbrothersdisgrace丟臉恥辱:bringdisgraceononeselfentertain給。
                。
                。
                娛樂,使有興趣:Thechildisentertaininghimselfwithhisbuildingblocksentitle給。
                。
                。
                權利,給。
                。
                。
                資格(to):Robertwasentitledtoseethedocumentsequivalent相等的,相同的:Themiseryofsuchapositionisequivalenttoitshappinesserase擦掉,抹掉,消除:erasethechalkmarkserect豎直的,垂直的,豎起的:anerecttreeerupt(火山,噴泉等)噴發:Thevolcanoisduetoeruptanydayessence本質,實質,要素:Beingthoughtfulofothersistheessenceofpolitenesseternal永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternaltruthsevaluate估價,評價:evaluatepropertyevaporate(使)蒸發,(使)揮發:Heatsevaporatewaterexaggerate夸張,夸大,對…言過其實:keeptothefactsanddon’texaggerateexceed超出,勝過:Herperformanceexceededalltheothersexternal外面的,外部的:externalsignsofadiseasedescend下來下降:Darknessdescendedtoosoonextract取出,提取:extractaconfessionextravagant奢侈的,浪費的:beextravagantinone’swayoflivingfabricate建造,制造:Thefinestcraftsmenfabricatedthisclockfacilitate使變得(更)容易,使便利fade(顏色)褪去:Thecolorinthismaterialwillnotfadefaint不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:afaintideadominate分配統治:awhitedominatedsocietydonate捐贈贈送:TheydonatetotheRedCrosseveryyeardoom命運厄運劫數:Hisdoomwastobepovertydoze打瞌睡打盹兒:Theoldladydozedinherarmchairdrain慢慢排去:drainwaterfromapooldread怕畏懼:Idreadtothinkofwhatmayhappendrift漂流漂泊:Thesoundsofmusicdrifteduptousdubious引起懷疑的不確定的:adubiousreplydue欠款的應支付的:Agreatdealofmoneyisduetoyoudump傾倒傾卸:Heopenedhisbaganddumpeditscontentsonthedeskduplicate完全一樣的復制的:aduplicatekeyexcess超越,超過:anexcessofsupplyoverdemandexecute實行,實施,執行,履行:executeaplanexemplify例示,舉例證明,是…的例證(或榜樣等):Theteacherexemplifiedtheuseofthewordexert用力,盡力:exertallone’sstrengthsacrifice獻祭供奉alawbanningthe,ofanimalssalute敬禮祝賀,one’ssuperiorofficerretain保留保持,therighttoreplyrevenge報仇復仇concentrate集中專心concentrateone’sattentionexhaust汲空,抽完:exhaustawellexpel驅逐,趕走:expelaninvaderfromacountryexpend花費,消費(on,in):Theyexpendedalltheirstrengthin(on)tryingtoclimboutexpire滿期,屆期,(期限)終止:Histermofofficeexpiresthisyearexplicit詳盡的,明確的:giveexplicitdirectionsexploit英勇的或冒險的行為或事跡:Thedaringofexploitoftheparachutistsweremuchadmiredexterior外部的,外面的,外表的:exteriordecorationsdurable耐用的:adurablefabricdwell(dwelt或dwelled)(尤指作為常住居民)居住:dwellonanislandeconomical節約的,節儉的,經濟的:aneconomicalstovegenerate產生發生(電、熱、光、力、摩擦力等):generateelectricitygenuine真的非人造的名副其實的:genuineleathergesture手勢示意動作:raiseone’shandsinagestureofdespairconfine限制使局限Theysucceededinconfiningthefiretoasmallareaconflict(尤指長期的)戰爭戰斗TheconflictbetweenGreeceandTroylastedtenyearsconform遵照適應confirmto(或with)therules(thelaw)flourish茂盛,繁榮,興旺:PaintingflourishedinItalyinthefifteenthcenturyfluctuate波動,起伏:Youcan’tmarchinastraightlinetothevictory,youfluctuateitflush臉紅:Hercheeksflushedredforbid不許,禁止:Wineisabsolutelyforbiddentoallthechildrenforge鍛煉:forgeahorseshoeoutofanironbarglance一瞥掃視:takeaglanceatthenewspaperheadlinesglare怒視瞪眼:givethejuryaglaredense稠密的密集的:adenseforestdeposit存放:Shedepositedherbaginthecloakroomdepress使沮喪使消沉:Thatmoviedepressedmedeprive剝奪使喪失:deprivesbofhispropertyderive取得得到:Hederivedhisenthusiasmforliteraturefromhisfathercontroversy(尤之以文字形式進行的爭論),辨證:apointofcontroversyconvention(正式)會議,(定期)大會:draftanewconstitutionataconventionconvert轉變,轉化:convertcoalto(into)pipelinegasconvey運送,輸送,傳送:awireconveysanelectriccurrentconvict(經審訊)證明…有罪,宣判…有罪:Hewasconvictedofsmugglingcoordinate調節,協調:coordinatethefunctionsofgovernmentagenciescordial熱情友好的,熱誠的,真心的:acordialhello(smile,invitation)glimpse一瞥一看:haveaglimpseof(into)sthglitter閃閃發亮(或發光)光彩奪目閃耀:Hislanguageglitterswithmarvelouswordsglory光榮榮譽:Thesoldiershopedtowingloryonthebattlefieldglow發熱發光發紅:thefireglowinginthedarknessgossip流言蜚語:giverisetogossipclergyn總稱牧師神職人員coalitionn結合體同盟結合聯合costumen戲裝泳裝服裝cosycozya暖和舒服的舒適的反uncomfortablecredentialsn(個人能力及信用的)證明書證件screen屏幕簾afolding,decompose分解腐爛腐敗:decomposeacompoundintoitselementsdedicate奉獻把。
                。
                。
                用在(to):Thedoctordedicatedhimselftofindingacurededuce演繹推論:Fromherconversation,Ideducedthatshehadalargefamilydefine解釋給。
                。
                。
                下定義:Peopledefinehimasageniusdeform(使)變形:Heatdeformsplasticconstant經常的不斷的aconstantnoiseconstitute組成構成constituteathreattosbconsult請教與商量consultadoctoraboutone’sillnessconsume消費,花費:consumemuchofone’stimeinreadingcontact接觸,聯系,交往:beincontactwithsbcontain包括,容納,alistcontainingtwelveitemscontaminate弄臟,污染,玷污,毒害:Fumescontaminatetheaircapture俘虜捕獲capturebutterfliesassume假定假設Farmerswillhaveabumperharvest,assuming(that)theweathersifavarableassure深信不疑地對說向保證assurance保證把握信心Hegavemehisassurancethathewouldhelpastonish使驚訝Iwasastonishedathissuddenappearanceattach系貼連接attachalabeltoasuitcaseattain達到獲得attainone’sgoalattentive注意的專心的anattentiveaudienceattribute把歸因于把(過錯的責任等)歸于(to)Heattributedhissuccesstohardworkauxiliary輔助的anauxiliaryrocketgallop(馬等的)飛跑疾馳:Thehorsedidafinegallopduringtheracegamble賭博:gambleatcardsgasp喘氣喘息:speakbetweengaspsgear齒輪傳動裝置(排)檔:interlockcogsandgearsgeneralize歸納概括:Idon’tthinkyoucangeneralizeaboutwhatvoterswilldoavail有利于有助于Willforcealoneavailusavert擋開防止避免Manytrafficaccidentscanbeavertedbycourtesyban(以官方明令)禁止取締Hewasbannedfromenteringthecitybang(突發的)suddenloudbangcast投扔拋撒擲castdoubt(s)onthefeasibilityofaschemecontempt輕視,輕蔑:showacontemptforsbcontradict反駁,同…相矛盾,同…相抵觸:Thefactscontradicthistheorydefy公然違抗反抗:Hewasgoingaheaddefyingalldifficultiesdegenerate衰退墮落變壞(into):Hereyesightdegeneratedwiththeyearsdeliberate慎重的深思熟慮的:Thegovernmentistakingdeliberateactiontolowerpricesdenote表示是。
                。
                。
                的標志意思是:Afrownoftendenotesdispleasurecorrespond相符合相稱(to,with):Fulfillmentseldomcorrespondstoanticipationcorrespondent通信者,通訊員,記者:agood(bad)correspondentcorresponding符合的,一致的:correspondingfingerprintscompact緊密的堅實的acompactpieceofluggagecompatible能和睦相處的合的來的Youshouldchoosearoommatemorecompatibletoyourtastesdetain留住擔擱:bedetainedbybusinessdetect(當場)發現(某人在干壞事):detectastudentcheatingdeteriorate(使)惡化,(使)變壞,(使)退化背離偏離:deviatefromtheruledevote將獻給(to):Marydevotedherlifetocaringforthesickcompile匯編編制compileananthologyofpoemscomply遵從順從服從complywithrules(safetyregulations

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